Intel Graphics10 Sep 2016 • Leave Comments
It's long-lasting panic to handle Intel HD3000 graphics corruption, tearing, judder, glitch etc. Desktop GUI get stuck without any responding. MPV playback spreads dots all over. Worsely, switches between virtual terminal and X freeze the desktop applications.
It is almost deprecated but has better performance. We should manually install the official relevant Intel driver:
root@tux ~ # emerge -avt x11-drivers/xf86-video-intel
Then configure Xorg to adopt it:
# /etc/X11/xorg.conf.d/20-intel.conf Section "Device" Identifier "Intel Graphics" Driver "intel" # Option "AccelMethod" "uxa" Option "AccelMethod" "sna" # Option "TearFree" "true" Option "DRI" "2" # Option "DRI" "3" EndSection
This driver is just maintained but no new features or bug fixes available.
This is now the default driver on newer Intel graphics chipsets for Gentoo. It is more generic and actively developed. As of x11-base/xorg-drivers-1.19, this has become the default for Gentoo.
Firstly, enable global glamor USE:
# /etc/portage/make.conf USE="glamor" VIDEO_CARDS="intel i965"
Then, Xorg configuration:
# /etc/X11/xorg.conf.d/20-modesetting.conf Section "Device" Identifier "Intel Graphics" Driver "modesetting" Option "AccelMethod" "glamor" Option "DRI" "3" EndSection
Note, if both 20-intel.conf and 20-modesetting.conf are defined in /etc/X11/xorg.conf.d/, the X server will attempt to load the files in alpha-numeric order.
startx -- vt7
Arguments after the two dashes are passed to Xorg server. Default OpenRC Xinit configuration is located under /etc/X11/xinit. However it fails to set the correct virtual terminal (i.e. vt7) to start X, resulting in X freezes upon switches between X and virtual terminal.
Alternatively, vt7 can be passed to X server directly in ~/.xserverrc:
exec /usr/bin/X -nolisten tcp "$@" vt7
# /etc/default/grub acpi_osi="!Windows 2012" # -or- acpi_osi="Linux" acpi_backlight="video" # -or- acpi_backlight="vendor" # -or- acpi_backlight="native"
At the time of writing this post, correct combination is
acpi_osi="!Windows 2012" acpi_backlight="video".